High Temperature Iron Powder

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Iron powder that retains its properties at high temperatures is a versatile material with applications across many industries. This type of iron powder has unique properties that set it apart from conventional iron powder types.

Overview of High Temperature Iron Powder

High temperature iron powder, as the name suggests, is a specialty powder able to withstand elevated temperatures without degrading. While ordinary iron powders may begin to oxidize or lose their magnetic abilities above 300-400°C, high temp powders resist these changes even beyond 1000°C.

Their high stability gives them distinct advantages for extreme environment uses from automotive engines to electrical contacts and welding rods. However, enhanced performance comes at a price – high temperature iron powders are more expensive to produce than carbonyl or other common grades.

Key traits that characterize high temp iron powders:

Property Description
Thermal stability Retains properties up to 1000-1200°C
Oxidation resistance Resists oxidation and prevents rust
Purity High purity 99%+ iron content
Controlled density Precisely controlled powder density
Particle morphology Spherical powder shape, good flowability

These characteristics allow high temperature iron powder to perform reliably across a spectrum of demanding uses, giving it an edge over other grades.

Types of High Temperature Iron Powder

There are a few specialized production methods used to make iron powder suitable for high temp needs:

Type Description
Carbonyl iron powder Decomposes pure iron pentacarbonyl vapor
Electrolytic iron powder Electrolysis of iron chloride solutions
Water atomized powder Uses water jets to atomize molten iron
Vacuum annealed powder Annealing in hydrogen atmosphere

Carbonyl iron powder is highly pure, resisting oxidation up to 500°C. It has low porosity but poorer flow properties.

Electrolytic powder offers very pure, dense spherical particles good for pressing. It holds properties up to 1000°C.

Water atomized powder has higher oxygen content but excellent compressibility and stability to 1200°C range.

Vacuum annealed powder has carefully controlled characteristics thanks to the annealing process. Resists oxidation to over 1200°C.

Within these production routes, additional treatment allows customization of powder density, particle size distribution, and other parameters.

high temperature iron powder

Typical Applications of High Temp Iron Powder

Thanks to enhanced thermal and oxidation resistance, high temperature iron powders serve well in extreme environments:

Industry Applications
Automotive Brake pads, friction parts, bearings
Aerospace Engines, airframes, thermal coatings
Electronics Sintered ferrites, inductors, welding points
Energy Hydrogen storage media, fuel cells
Industrial Welding rods, sintered components, contacts

Automotive industry uses high temp powder in brake pads, cylinder liners, ball bearings, gears, and other friction or moving components.

Aerospace applications include turbine engine parts, landing gear, thermal protection coatings on airframes and radomes.

Electronics utilization covers sintered ferrites as inductors plus welding tips, electrodes, and electrical contact points.

Energy sector leverages high temperature powder’s hydrogen storage capacity for fuel cells.

Industrial uses like welding rods, 3D printed tooling, or electrical contacts all benefit from enhanced thermal/oxidation resistance.

With ever greater high heat demands across sectors, usage should continue expanding.

Typical Specifications of High Temperature Iron Powder

High temp iron powders have precise specifications tailored to end use requirements:

Parameter Typical Range
Mean particle size 10 – 200 microns
Apparent density 2 – 4 g/cm3
Thermal stability Up to 1000 – 1300°C
Purity (Fe content) > 98%, up to 99.9%
Oxygen level < 3000 ppm
Production method Carbonyl, electrolytic, water atomized

Particle sizes usually fall between 10-200 μm, but specialty ultrafine <5 μm grades are made. Size affects powder pressing and sintering.

Apparent powder density from 2-4 g/cm 3 ensures good flow and compression. Higher densities improve stability.

Purity levels reach up to 99.9% iron content for the purest grades. Impurities like oxygen affect high temperature strength.

Oxygen content is minimized, with most grades having <3000 ppm oxygen. Lower oxygen enhances thermal resistance.

By optimizing these parameters, powders match application requirements from welding rods to brake pads.

Comparative Evaluation of High Temperature Iron Powder Types

Key differences between production methods highlight their relative advantages and limitations:

  Carbonyl Iron Powder Electrolytic Iron Powder Water Atomized Iron Powder
Purity Very high Extremely high Moderate
Oxygen level Low Very low Elevated
Cost Moderate Expensive Low cost
Thermal stability To 500°C To 1000°C To 1300°C
Morphology Rounded irregular Spherical uniform Dendritic uneven

Carbonyl iron offers very pure powder resistant to 500°C at moderate pricing. Particles have rounded, irregular shape.

Electrolytic iron has extremely high purity and uniform spherical morphology perfect for pressing. Withstands approximately 1000°C.

Water atomized powder contains higher oxygen but has lowest cost. Thermal stability past 1300°C. Particle shape uneven dendritic.

By balancing factors of purity, particle shape, oxygen content, and cost, buyers can select the optimum high temp powder.

Global Suppliers of High Temperature Iron Powder

Many of the largest iron powder producers now offer specialty grades for high temperature capability:

Company Headquarters Location
Höganäs Sweden
BASF Germany
Rio Tinto Metal Powders Canada
JFE Steel Japan
AMES USA
CNPC Powder China

Swedish giant Höganäs makes carbonyl and atomized high temp iron powder.

BASF in Germany produces carbonyl grades able to withstand 600°C environments.

Rio Tinto Metal Powders based in Canada manufactures specialty water atomized powder.

Japanese firm JFE Steel offers high purity electrolytic and carbonyl variants.

AMES Companies in the USA provides custom-treatment high temperature powder.

Chinese state-owned CNPC is a leading local supplier of iron powder products.

With multiple established manufacturers globally, buyers have options to source high performance material.

Comparative Pricing

As a premium powder product, high temperature grades demand higher prices:

Iron Powder Type Average Price Range
Carbonyl iron powder $7 – $15 per kg
Electrolytic iron powder $15 – $30 per kg
Water atomized iron powder $2 – $10 per kg
Annealed low carbon steel powder $3 – $7 per kg

Prices vary based on:

  • Purity level
  • Powder density
  • Particle size distribution
  • Production method
  • Order volumes

In general high temperature powder costs 2-10X standard iron powder prices. But enhanced properties justify premium pricing for critical applications.

high temperature iron powder

FAQs

What is high temperature iron powder?

Iron powder retaining properties up to 1000-1200°C without oxidizing or losing magnetism. Resists degradation in extreme heat.

What industries use high temp iron powder?

Automotive, aerospace, electronics, welding, coatings, energy, and industrial sectors leverage iron powder in high heat components.

What production methods create high temperature powder?

Main methods are carbonyl decomposition, electrolysis, water atomizing, and vacuum annealing to optimize powder characteristics.

What are advantages of high temp powder over other types?

Greater thermal and oxidation resistance allows reliable performance in brake pads, turbine blades, electrical contacts exposed to extreme temperatures.

How much does high temperature iron powder cost?

$7-30 per kg based on production route, properties like purity, density, and particle size distribution. Costs 2-10X standard iron powder.

Conclusion

With unique thermal and oxidation resistance retaining strength past 1000°C, high temperature iron powder delivers critical performance not achievable with conventional grades. Leading global suppliers offer carbonyl, electrolytic, and water atomized high temp powder tailored to industrial use requirements through precision specification of purity, density, particle size distribution and cost factors. Despite higher pricing, enhanced properties justify adoption for automotive brakes, aerospace engines, industrial welding, and electrical contacts confronting extreme conditions. With continually rising high heat demands across sectors, high temperature iron powder serves an invaluable role unlocking new performance frontiers under fire.

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